Updated state unemployment numbers: In 10 states, more than one in six workers are receiving or have filed for regular unemployment

by nyljaouadi1
0 comment


The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) released the most recent unemployment insurance (UI) claims data yesterday, showing that another 1.5 million people filed for regular UI benefits last week (not seasonally adjusted) and 0.7 million for Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA), the new program for workers who aren’t eligible for regular UI, such as gig workers. As we look at the aggregate measures of economic harm, it is important to remember that this recession is deepening racial inequalities. Black communities are suffering more from this pandemic—both physically and economically—as a result of, and in addition to, systemic racism and violence.

As of last week, more than one in five people in the workforce are either receiving or have recently applied for unemployment benefits—regular or PUA. These benefits are a critical lifeline that help workers make ends meet while practicing the necessary social distancing to stop the spread of coronavirus. In fact, the $600 increase in weekly UI benefits was perhaps the most effective measure in the CARES Act for insulating workers from economic harm and jumpstarting an eventual economic rebound, and it should be extended past July.

Figure A and Table 1 below show the total number of workers who either made it through at least the first round of regular state UI processing as of May 30 (these are known as “continued” claims) or filed initial regular UI claims during the weeks of May 30 or June 6. Figure A and Table 2 show the total number of workers who either made it through at least the first round of PUA processing by May 23 or filed initial PUA claims during the weeks of May 23, May 30, or June 6. We do not sum the two totals together because some states have misreported PUA claims in their initial claims data, leading to potential double counting.

New and cumulative jobless claims by state: Unemployment insurance (UI) claims filed and numbers and shares of workers either receiving unemployment benefits or waiting for approval during the week ending June 6

State Initial regular UI claims filed in most recent week Total currently receiving or applied for regular UI Regular UI as a share of labor force Total currently receiving or applied for PUA
Alabama 19,347 211,071 9.4% 57,855
Alaska 7,427 61,448 17.8% 19,391
Arizona 22,879 247,046 6.8% 894,313
Arkansas 9,151 128,906 9.4% 0
California 258,060 3,341,467 17.1% 1,300,660
Colorado 13,128 289,379 9.1% 128,813
Connecticut 15,279 300,197 15.6% 54,199
Delaware 2,921 62,098 12.7% 0
Washington D.C. 3,291 77,133 18.6% 0
Florida 110,520 1,254,775 12.0% 0
Georgia 134,711 977,160 19.0% 0
Hawaii 6,694 133,425 19.9% 120,250
Idaho 3,665 53,704 6.0% 2,365
Illinois 44,814 834,372 13.0% 109,502
Indiana 23,604 273,829 8.1% 256,794
Iowa 10,112 176,527 10.1% 21,156
Kansas 8,824 124,021 8.3% 48,615
Kentucky 40,536 280,346 13.5% 0
Louisiana 22,002 341,096 16.2% 201,381
Maine 3,031 90,444 13.0% 93,193
Maryland 41,104 310,969 9.5% 234,866
Massachusetts 44,732 639,945 16.7% 1,105,114
Michigan 28,504 910,062 18.4% 1,767,907
Minnesota 29,209 461,435 14.8% 73,040
Mississippi 21,021 196,782 15.4% 74,600
Missouri 18,587 269,277 8.7% 84,860
Montana 2,892 50,875 9.5% 70,751
Nebraska 4,729 68,801 6.6% 21,238
Nevada 13,200 350,953 22.5% 477,579
New Hampshire 6,055 114,212 14.7% 0
New Jersey 22,621 606,794 13.3% 546,712
New Mexico 5,913 119,986 12.5% 51,355
New York 94,348 1,881,352 19.7% 1,303,899
North Carolina 33,148 600,561 11.7% 186,650
North Dakota 2,527 39,418 9.7% 9,014
Ohio 35,474 581,932 10.0% 554,102
Oklahoma 50,397 260,857 14.1% 4,275
Oregon 23,445 501,756 23.8% 0
Pennsylvania 50,088 953,018 14.5% 1,272,259
Rhode Island 3,485 83,510 15.0% 49,364
South Carolina 22,734 251,486 10.5% 121,961
South Dakota 817 22,827 4.9% 5,313
Tennessee 21,417 347,419 10.3% 99,535
Texas 89,736 1,437,877 10.1% 337,388
Utah 5,452 88,494 5.4% 16,385
Vermont 1,560 47,844 14.1% 12,457
Virginia 30,164 457,579 10.3% 219,996
Washington 33,502 534,974 13.5% 220,742
West Virginia 4,216 99,883 12.4% 0
Wisconsin 25,731 306,455 9.9% 16,560
Wyoming 1,610 20,886 7.1% 3,833

Four states had more than one million workers either receiving regular UI benefits or waiting for their claim to be approved: California (3.3 million), New York (1.9 million), Texas (1.4 million), and Florida (1.3 million). 24 additional states had more than a quarter million workers receiving or awaiting benefits.

While the largest U.S. states unsurprisingly have the highest numbers of UI claimants, some smaller states have larger shares of the workforce filing for unemployment. Figure A and Table 1 also show the numbers of workers in each state who are receiving or waiting for regular UI benefits as a share of the February 2020 labor force. We use February as a baseline since it predates the effects of the pandemic on the labor market. In 10 states, more than one in six workers are receiving regular UI benefits or waiting on their claim to be approved: Oregon (23.8%), Nevada (22.5%), Hawaii (19.9%), New York (19.7%), Georgia (19.0%), District of Columbia (18.6%), Michigan (18.4%), Alaska (17.8%), California (17.1%), and Massachusetts (16.7%).

Table 2 below displays the reported number of people who applied for PUA—the new federal program that extends unemployment compensation to workers who are not eligible for regular UI but are out of work due to the pandemic, such as gig workers and people who left their jobs to care for a child.

As of last week, DOL reported that over 12 million workers across 42 states are receiving or waiting on a decision for PUA benefits, which underscores the importance of extending benefits to those who would otherwise not have been eligible. Five states have at least a million workers in this category: Michigan (1.8 million), New York (1.3 million), California (1.3 million), Pennsylvania (1.3 million), and Massachusetts (1.1 million). Because the PUA program is new, state reporting of PUA claims has been uneven and, in some cases, there may be duplication between claims reported under PUA and the regular UI system. Unfortunately, it’s difficult to identify possible errors or misclassifications in the data without contacting each individual state UI agency; for now, we simply show the PUA claims as they are reported to DOL.

To mitigate the economic harm to workers, the next federal relief and recovery package should include worker protections, investments in our democracy, resources for coronavirus testing and contact tracing (which is necessary to reopen the economy), and an extension of the across-the-board $600 increase in weekly unemployment benefits well past its expiration at the end of July. The package should also include substantial aid to state and local governments, so that they can invest in public health and education. Without this aid, a prolonged depression is inevitable and 5.3 million workers would likely lose their jobs by the end of 2021, especially if state and local governments make the same budget and employment cuts that slowed the recovery after the Great Recession.

Unless otherwise noted, the numbers in this blog post are the ones reported by the U.S. Department of Labor, which they receive from the state agencies that administer UI. While DOL is asking states to report regular UI claims and PUA claims separately, many states are also including some or all PUA claimants in their reported regular UI claims. As state agencies work to get these new programs up and running, there will likely continue to be some misreporting. Since the number of UI claims is one of the most up-to-date measures of labor market weakness and access to benefits, we will still be analyzing it each week as reported by DOL, but we ask that you keep these caveats in mind when interpreting the data.

New and cumulative regular jobless claims by state: Regular unemployment insurance (UI) claims filed and numbers and shares of workers either receiving regular unemployment benefits or waiting for approval during the week ending June 6

State Most recent week initial claims: 06/06/2020 Most recent continued claims claims: 05/30/2020 Total initial claims – most recent 2 weeks Total currently receiving or applied for UI Total currently receiving or applied for UI as a share of the labor force
Alabama 19,347 170,389 40,682 211,071 9.4%
Alaska 7,427 46,569 14,879 61,448 17.8%
Arizona 22,879 202,155 44,891 247,046 6.8%
Arkansas 9,151 111,274 17,632 128,906 9.4%
California 258,060 2,854,773 486,694 3,341,467 17.1%
Colorado 13,128 263,732 25,647 289,379 9.1%
Connecticut 15,279 270,710 29,487 300,197 15.6%
Delaware 2,921 56,125 5,973 62,098 12.7%
District of Columbia 3,291 70,283 6,850 77,133 18.6%
Florida 110,520 936,548 318,227 1,254,775 12.0%
Georgia 134,711 693,286 283,874 977,160 19.0%
Hawaii 6,694 119,029 14,396 133,425 19.9%
Idaho 3,665 46,393 7,311 53,704 6.0%
Illinois 44,814 743,173 91,199 834,372 13.0%
Indiana 23,604 227,311 46,518 273,829 8.1%
Iowa 10,112 159,966 16,561 176,527 10.1%
Kansas 8,824 105,169 18,852 124,021 8.3%
Kentucky 40,536 196,797 83,549 280,346 13.5%
Louisiana 22,002 299,760 41,336 341,096 16.2%
Maine 3,031 76,262 14,182 90,444 13.0%
Maryland 41,104 237,945 73,024 310,969 9.5%
Massachusetts 44,732 567,583 72,362 639,945 16.7%
Michigan 28,504 842,268 67,794 910,062 18.4%
Minnesota 29,209 410,572 50,863 461,435 14.8%
Mississippi 21,021 151,747 45,035 196,782 15.4%
Missouri 18,587 230,040 39,237 269,277 8.7%
Montana 2,892 44,929 5,946 50,875 9.5%
Nebraska 4,729 58,989 9,812 68,801 6.6%
Nevada 13,200 326,416 24,537 350,953 22.5%
New Hampshire 6,055 102,030 12,182 114,212 14.7%
New Jersey 22,621 557,421 49,373 606,794 13.3%
New Mexico 5,913 107,401 12,585 119,986 12.5%
New York 94,348 1,705,078 176,274 1,881,352 19.7%
North Carolina 33,148 530,366 70,195 600,561 11.7%
North Dakota 2,527 34,576 4,842 39,418 9.7%
Ohio 35,474 511,380 70,552 581,932 10.0%
Oklahoma 50,397 150,084 110,773 260,857 14.1%
Oregon 23,445 457,746 44,010 501,756 23.8%
Pennsylvania 50,088 854,000 99,018 953,018 14.5%
Rhode Island 3,485 77,277 6,233 83,510 15.0%
South Carolina 22,734 209,842 41,644 251,486 10.5%
South Dakota 817 20,512 2,315 22,827 4.9%
Tennessee 21,417 303,747 43,672 347,419 10.3%
Texas 89,736 1,241,464 196,413 1,437,877 10.1%
Utah 5,452 78,094 10,400 88,494 5.4%
Vermont 1,560 44,819 3,025 47,844 14.1%
Virginia 30,164 396,036 61,543 457,579 10.3%
Washington 33,502 469,543 65,431 534,974 13.5%
West Virginia 4,216 90,982 8,901 99,883 12.4%
Wisconsin 25,731 256,063 50,392 306,455 9.9%
Wyoming 1,610 16,855 4,031 20,886 7.1%

New and cumulative Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) claims by state: PUA claims filed and numbers and shares of workers either receiving PUA benefits or waiting for approval during the week ending June 6

State Most recent week initial claims: 06/06/2020 Most recent continued claims claims: 05/23/2020 Total initial claims – most recent 3 weeks Total currently receiving or applied for PUA Total currently receiving or applied for PUA as a share of the labor force
Alabama 3,556 49,194 8,661 57,855 2.6%
Alaska 1,362 16,452 2,939 19,391 5.6%
Arizona 96,399 738,839 155,474 894,313 24.8%
Arkansas 0 0 0 0 0.0%
California 71,229 1,061,914 238,746 1,300,660 6.7%
Colorado 10,151 105,613 23,200 128,813 4.0%
Connecticut 2,466 44,560 9,639 54,199 2.8%
Delaware 0 0 0 0 0.0%
Washington D.C. 0 0 0 0 0.0%
Florida 0 0 0 0 0.0%
Georgia 0 0 0 0 0.0%
Hawaii 12,059 98,912 21,338 120,250 18.0%
Idaho 1,290 74 2,291 2,365 0.3%
Illinois 9,064 76,196 33,306 109,502 1.7%
Indiana 20,595 195,247 61,547 256,794 7.6%
Iowa 1,702 14,501 6,655 21,156 1.2%
Kansas 0 42,912 5,703 48,615 3.2%
Kentucky 0 0 0 0 0.0%
Louisiana 8,942 161,530 39,851 201,381 9.5%
Maine 3,718 55,411 37,782 93,193 13.4%
Maryland 9,762 200,626 34,240 234,866 7.2%
Massachusetts 20,991 882,248 222,866 1,105,114 28.8%
Michigan 38,298 1,454,326 313,581 1,767,907 35.7%
Minnesota 723 70,872 2,168 73,040 2.3%
Mississippi 8,403 55,413 19,187 74,600 5.8%
Missouri 4,661 68,365 16,495 84,860 2.7%
Montana 2,851 58,440 12,311 70,751 13.2%
Nebraska 1,191 17,225 4,013 21,238 2.0%
Nevada 16,201 405,111 72,468 477,579 30.6%
New Hampshire 0 0 0 0 0.0%
New Jersey 23,328 385,724 160,988 546,712 12.0%
New Mexico 2,344 43,433 7,922 51,355 5.3%
New York 81,205 889,906 413,993 1,303,899 13.7%
North Carolina 43,056 66,796 119,854 186,650 3.6%
North Dakota 594 6,677 2,337 9,014 2.2%
Ohio 40,133 439,430 114,672 554,102 9.5%
Oklahoma 1,153 0 4,275 4,275 0.2%
Oregon 0 0 0 0 0.0%
Pennsylvania 70,838 1,026,767 245,492 1,272,259 19.4%
Rhode Island 2,701 39,848 9,516 49,364 8.8%
South Carolina 14,492 78,534 43,427 121,961 5.1%
South Dakota 1,067 3,034 2,279 5,313 1.1%
Tennessee 4,367 84,996 14,539 99,535 3.0%
Texas 31,520 219,170 118,218 337,388 2.4%
Utah 1,674 10,850 5,535 16,385 1.0%
Vermont 434 11,512 945 12,457 3.7%
Virginia 7,691 190,915 29,081 219,996 4.9%
Washington 10,637 175,846 44,896 220,742 5.6%
West Virginia 0 0 0 0 0.0%
Wisconsin 4,163 4,649 11,911 16,560 0.5%
Wyoming 298 2,246 1,587 3,833 1.3%





Source link

Related Posts

Leave a Comment