What causes allergies?
That runny nose, that sinus pressure, and all that sneezing must be caused by something. The big question is: what?
Nasal congestion from allergies is a common problem. Unfortunately, for allergy sufferers, there can be many causes. These are called “allergens” and they cause your body’s immune system to overreact. Allergens include
Dust mites, and
Molds . While these are usually harmless, people who are allergic to them will find that they cause a lot of suffering, sometimes leading to serious Health Risks .
While they are usually harmless, people who are allergic to them will find that they cause a lot of suffering, sometimes leading to serious Health risks. In the United States, more than 50 million people suffer from them each year. That adds up to an annual cost of more than $18 billion.
Learn more about nasal allergies in the slideshow below, such as who’s at risk, why allergic reactions occur, and how they How they affect your health, and how to treat them.
Your immune system targets and protects you from health threats such as viruses and harmful bacteria. In this photo, you can see some of the bacteria (in pink).
While some allergic reactions are mild and may be limited to certain parts of the body, anaphylaxis is serious and can affect the entire body Health. Anaphylaxis comes on quickly and can be fatal. It causes tissues to release histamine, among other substances, which can lead to difficulty breathing and other symptoms, such as
Difficulty in swallowing.
Swelling of the face.
Like anaphylaxis, asthma can be life-threatening in severe cases. Asthma usually causes your breathing passages to become inflamed and constricted, resulting in wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.
The relationship between asthma and allergies is complex. The two conditions appear to be related, as many people with asthma are also susceptible to nasal allergies.
What are your allergy triggers?
It’s easy to come into contact with allergens because they can be everywhere, immersed in the air we breathe indoors and outdoors. Chasing dust bunnies, playing with your pets, or just getting out of the house during certain seasons of the year can trigger your symptoms. Allergic reactions are caused by two things.
The allergens. Below we discuss the two most common triggers.
Dust mites are one of the most common allergy triggers. These microscopic creatures live in pieces of dead skin found in household dust . They love warm, humid places and even immaculate homes have them in carpets, curtains, upholstered furniture and plush toys! .
Pollen is the cause of seasonal allergies. It is carried in the air and helps fertilize and spread grass, weeds and trees. The prevalence of pollen can be predicted by season, but pollen counts vary from year to year and from area to area Same. You can easily find out the current pollen count by checking your local weather forecast.
Exposure to triggers can lead to post-nasal drip, allergies, and symptoms involving the lungs, ears, sinuses, stomach wall, or skin.
Your body’s reaction to allergens
Once the allergen enters your body, your immune system responds and starts making antibodies. The antibodies can be so specific that they only target certain types of pollen, for example. When the immune system detects the allergen, it produces more of the appropriate antibodies.
The antibodies will start searching for the offending allergen and eventually remove them.
Release of histamine
When antibodies find allergens, they begin to alert mast cells. Mast cells are blood cells that release more chemicals, including histamine. Histamine causes inflammation, which means that small blood vessels can leak. This causes fluid to leak out, which leads to
Swollen nasal passages, and
Are allergic reactions hereditary?
As with many other health-related issues, whether or not you will become allergic is often determined by your parents. When one parent is susceptible to allergic reactions, the chances of a child acquiring an allergic reaction are about 50%, while when both parents are affected When it comes to the child, the risk is as high as 80%.
With that said, anyone can experience an allergic reaction, regardless of race, age, gender or any other status. However, children tend to be more affected than adults.
Whether or not someone will experience an allergic reaction may depend on how much they are exposed to certain triggers. Some allergies may take years to develop.
Since there is no complete cure for allergies, the best way to prevent allergic reactions is to find ways to relieve and restore your health. Here are some tips.
Try to avoid allergy triggers
Check the pollen or mold report before you leave the house.
If the levels are high, consider wearing a mask.
During allergy season, shower before bed so you don’t go to bed with pollen in your hair.
Keep windows closed and run the air conditioner.
Vacuum twice a week to reduce allergens.
Nasal sprays and other medications
Over-the-counter (OTC) medications can help control the symptoms of an allergic reaction. These medications include antihistamines and decongestants. These medications may be administered in different forms, such as pills or capsules, liquids, eye drops, or nasal sprays.
OTC allergy nasal spray may be sufficient to relieve your symptoms. If not, allergy prescription nasal sprays are available.
Talk to your pharmacist or doctor about what is the best nasal spray for allergies for you.
When to see an allergy specialist
Allergies can be notoriously difficult to identify. If you’re not sure what’s causing them, or if they’re severe, an allergist can help. Allergists and immunologists are medically trained to recognize and treat your symptoms.
Your doctor will take your medical history and may perform tests. These tests will systematically expose you to possible allergens to see which allergens may be causing reactions. Depending on your allergy symptoms, your doctor may recommend prescription medications or allergy vaccines.
Your best resource is your allergist to get information about allergy nasal sprays, the best allergy medications for post-nasal drops, allergy Information on over the counter nasal sprays and other types of allergy treatments.